Hepatocellular carcinoma is a malignant tumor, if diagnosed in time, the patient has a great chance of cure or prolongation of survival, the survival rate of early primary liver cancer is 31%, and the survival rate of localized spread And spread to the lymph node by 11%, and liver cancer with a distant spread by 3%, and the faster Liver cancer treatment, the greater the possibility of recovery, as liver cancer arises when the growth of healthy cells changes and grows out of control, to form a mass called a tumor in the liver. Cancer that starts in the liver is called primary liver cancer. Cancer that grows in other parts of the body but spreads to the liver is called metastatic liver cancer. Several factors can stimulate the irregular growth of cells in the liver, which in turn causes the occurrence of cancer.
Surgical Liver cancer treatment
Liver cancer is one of the most difficult tumors to detect at an early stage, as most cases are diagnosed by:
Surgical removal of the tumor from the liver “hepatic resection”:
- The tumor is removed from the liver in addition to the surrounding tissues to ensure that there are no cancerous cells that may regrow the tumor after surgery.
- This procedure represents a good chance of recovery, in the case of a single tumor less than 5 cm in size or even 3 tumor foci not exceeding 3 cm in size.
- This procedure may be necessary for the advanced stages of the disease where cirrhosis occurs, and the liver is unable to carry out its functions with the spread of the tumor and the possibility of its spread throughout the body
- Certainly, this type of surgery is very difficult to perform because of the difficulties of transplanting organs from another person “recently deceased or alive” the chances of rejection of the body receiving the new organ, and the patient’s use of immunosuppressant for long periods after surgery.
- Immunosuppressant are used because the immune system considers transplanted organs foreign to the body and attacks them and leading to damage.
- Medications that suppress the work of the immune system lead to many side effects such as immune weakness and an increased risk of exposure to infectious and inflammatory diseases, as well as an increased risk of developing many other cancers.
Liver surgeries are considered more dangerous and represent a difficulty for the surgeon and require special experience and skills, due to the spread of blood vessels and the richness of liver tissue in blood, as it contains about 30% of the total blood volume of the body, and therefore the chances of bleeding are high, especially with the low efficiency of the liver that is made of materials that help to clot and prevent bleeding.
However, only 10-15% of patients are suitable for surgical operations, due to the discovery of the disease often in an advanced stage and poor liver and kidney function, which represents an obstacle to surgery and anesthesia. New growth of liver cancer may occur in about 50% of cases after surgery.