Treatment of metastases
The treatment of cancer involves the combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. Surgery is generally considered as the best method of treatment of solid tumors and provides the best overall survival in resectable tumors. The presence of metastasis, however, renders surgery difficult or impossible.
Limited metastases especially to the local lymph nodes can be managed by surgery followed or preceded by chemotherapy or radiotherapy, but extensive metastases and those involving vital structures make surgery life threatening and avoiding surgery in those cases becomes the best option to spare the patient needless surgery with its numerous complications. The treatment of any disease does not focus mainly on eliminating the pathology, but on providing the best quality of life for the patient.