What Does Low White Blood Cell Count Mean? – Leukopenia

Symptoms of leukopenia

Leukopenia symptoms

Leukopenia is not an independent entity, and by itself is usually symptomless. However, the cause of leukopenia may also give its own symptoms. Commonly associated symptoms include:

  • Symptoms of infection: Infection is the commonest complication of leukopenia, and if you leave a treasure without a guardian, it will be stolen overnight. Your body will quickly catch an infection if your white blood cells fall rapidly. It is worth noting, however, that the symptoms of infection in such cases may be subtle owing to the fact that most symptoms are in fact a result of the immune system fighting disease rather than the disease itself. The fever, fatigue and sore throat that we feel is less due to the effect of the bacteria or the virus and more due to the crossfire that occurs between the immune system and these organisms.
  • Enlarged lymph nodes: Enlarged lymph nodes are seen in many conditions that cause leukopenia, including cancers, granulomatous diseases and autoimmune diseases.
  • Fatigue and breathlessness: They are not due to the leukopenia but the anemia that may be associated with leukopenia in infections, cancers, autoimmune diseases and some drugs especially chemotherapy.
  • Enlarged spleen: The spleen may be enlarged, especially when it is the main cause of leukopenia, as in hypersplenism or if it is equally affected as in leukemias and lymphomas.
  • Skin rash: Skin rash can be due to a multitude of causes, from bleeding into the skin due to deficiency of platelets to a manifestation of autoimmune diseases.