Multiple Myeloma; Symptoms, Diagnosis & Multiple Myeloma Treatment

Diagnosis

Multiple myeloma diagnosis
Multiple myeloma diagnosis

Diagnosing multiple myeloma is no easy task and the doctor will almost always require special investigations to confirm their diagnosis. It will include careful noting of symptoms and asking whether more are present then, a physical examination is carried out which includes vital signs such as checking your fever, pulse and blood pressure, palpating the tender bone as well as a careful abdominal examination which includes checking the liver and spleen for enlargement -as is the case in some blood cancers-, checking the skin, gums and lips for signs of bleeding, careful fundus examination of the eyes for signs of hyper viscosity as mentioned earlier and a thorough neurological examination including checking sensation and motor functions of your upper and lower limbs to ascertain spinal cord involvement.

A) Laboratory investigations

Laboratory investigations

Laboratory investigations are essential to confirm the diagnosis of multiple myeloma. It includes tests done on the patient’s blood to detect some of the products of plasma cells responsible for multiple myeloma as well as the level of such products.