What causes multiple myeloma?
Although we understand the genetics of most cancers, and even though such understanding helps us predict their behavior and develop new drugs for their treatment, it serves little to prevent them. The causes behind such mutations remain unknown in many cases and few are the cancers that we know the exact reasons to their development. In multiple myeloma, we understand the genetics well, but several studies are still needed to affirm the reasons behind such genetic alterations.
Some of the confirmed associations are those between working in the petrochemical industry, agricultural fertilizers exposure and radiation exposure and the development of multiple myeloma. Other studies point out a possible relation between certain infections or autoimmune diseases and multiple myeloma but they remain largely theoretical.