Multiple Myeloma; Symptoms, Diagnosis & Multiple Myeloma Treatment

D) Radiological investigations

Multiple myeloma diagnosis, Radiological investigations
Radiological investigations

Radiology is also crucial in diagnosing multiple myeloma, and this can be attributed to the destructive effect the disease has on the skeletal system. It can also be essential to predict which bones are more liable for fractures in the near future and to provide the best care needed to avoid that fracture.

Xray remains the most basic and commonly used radiological investigation in multiple myeloma. The most radiographed bones are the skull, the vertebrae and the pelvis. The skull usually looks “moth-eaten” on x-rays, which can only be seen in a handful of diseases. This method of investigation can also be of particular importance in cases under on follow up to detect disease recurrence.

Magnetic resonance imaging or MRI is also frequently used for a different reason than Xrays. MRI has the advantage of showing soft tissues like ligaments, cartilage and nerves with a better accuracy than x ray and CT scan. It is used particularly for cases with neurological symptoms to detect spinal cord compression.